Experience

As a constitutional lawyer, Andy has challenged and defended the validity of state laws and held government officials accountable if they overstep their authority.

In L.G. v. Columbia Public Schools, Andy sued CPS on behalf of a Rock Bridge High School student who had been summoned to the office by a School Resource Officer and interrogated outside the presence of her parents by two Columbia Police Officers without a warrant, probable cause, exigent circumstances, or the student's consent. The student is suing Columbia Public Schools and the City of Columbia for violating her Fourth Amendment right to be free of unwarranted seizures. The federal court denied motions to dismiss filed by both CPS and the City of Columbia. The case is ongoing.

In R.W. v. Columbia Public Schools, Andy sued CPS for battery and false imprisonment on behalf of an autistic CPS student held in an "isolation room" for extended periods as a form of punishment. This case, which is still pending, brought to light the district's frequent practice of placing disabled students in so-called "Zen Dens." The case is ongoing.

In Campbell v. Reisch, a Missouri State Representative blocked one of her constituents from her Twitter account for retweeting a comment critical of her. Representing the constituent in federal court, Andy argued that the state legislator unconstitutionally censored disfavored viewpoints in a public forum. The court agreed, ruling that the state representative has violated the First Amendment. The case is currently on appeal to the Eighth Circuit.

In Rebman v. Parson, the General Assembly attempted to fire a specific state employee by failing to appropriate funding for his salary. Andy argued that the appropriations bill violated the state constitution by intruding upon the power of the governor to hire and fire state employees. The Missouri Supreme Court agreed, striking that portion of the bill as unconstitutional.

In Halderman v. City of Sturgeon, a small town city council removed their municipal police chief from office.  Andy sued on his behalf, arguing that the City violated the Chief’s due process rights by failing to conduct a proper hearing in accordance with state law.  The circuit court agreed, ordering the Chief reinstated with backpay. The case is still pending on related claims.

In Blue Springs R-IV School District v. School District of Kansas City, Andy defended the constitutionality of a Missouri statute permitting students in Kansas City to attend neighboring school districts after the City’s schools lost accreditation. Several suburban school districts challenged the law as a violation of the Hancock Amendment, but Andy argued that the state constitution permits the legislature to shift funding between school districts as needed.  The Missouri Supreme Court agreed and upheld the school transfer law.

In Greitens v. American Tobacco Company, an arbitration panel of three retired federal judges denied Missouri millions of dollars in tobacco settlement proceeds based on the actions of other states. On appeal, the Missouri Supreme Court agreed with Andy that the arbitrators had exceeded their authority, and ordered cigarette manufacturers to return $50 million to Missouri taxpayers.

In City of Normandy v. Koster, Andy defended the constitutionality of legislation enacted in the wake of the Ferguson protests to limit the percentage of annual revenue municipalities in St. Louis County could generate from traffic fines.

In State of Missouri ex rel Chris Koster v. Village of Bellerive Acres, et al., Andy sued 20 municipalities in St. Louis County for generating excessive revenue from traffic violations in violation of the Macks Creek Law. The state dismissed the suit after all municipalities came into compliance with the law.

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